Welding and cutting using oxy-fuel welding units or electric-arc welding units is one of the most potentially hazardous activities conducted outside the laboratory at Tufts University. Injuries can occur to the welder, any assistants and persons in the vicinity of the welding operation.
One quarter of welding injuries involve the eye: mechanical damage from flying particles and metal spatter, radiation burns and chemical irritation and burns. In addition, skin burns and smoke inhalation from hot metal and fires, electrical shock and inhalation of toxic metal fumes also occurs.
In order to prevent these injuries, several regulatory and standards organizations have developed policies and procedures that must be followed.